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Castro speech likely to reflect tough times in Cuba

Castro speech likely to reflect tough times in Cuba
Fri Jul 24, 2009 10:24am EDT
By Jeff Franks

(Reuters) – Cubans are not likely to hear much encouraging news
about their or the state of U.S.-Cuba relations when
Raul Castro gives his main speech of the year on Sunday amid difficult
times on the communist-led island.

Last year, many Cubans thought Castro might use the annual July 26
address, which marks the anniversary of the start of the Cuban
revolution, to announce economic reforms.

But he warned them instead to get used to "not receiving only good news."

Since then, the economic news has gotten steadily worse and thoughts of
reform have diminished as Castro has eschewed big changes in favor of
trying to make more productive the state-run economy put in place by
older brother .

Cubans had hoped long-bitter U.S.-Cuba relations might improve quickly
under U.S. President Barack Obama, but so far progress has been mostly
limited to a partial rollback by Obama of some of the Bush
administration's most hardline policies.

The U.S. president is maintaining demands that Cuba must improve its
human and political rights before the 47-year-old U.S. trade embargo on
the island can be relaxed further.

When Castro takes the stage in the eastern city of Holguin on Sunday,
his address marking the July 26, 1953, rebel attack on the Moncada army
barracks in will probably sound familiar, Cuba expert
Paolo Spadoni said.

"I think his speech will be in line with the one given last year,
stressing again the need to tighten the belt because of the precarious
economic conditions," said Spadoni, a post-doctoral fellow at Tulane
's Center for Inter-American Policy and Research.

Many inside and outside Cuba thought Raul Castro would open up the
island's economy after he replaced his aging, ailing brother as
president in February 2008 and quickly decreed that Cubans could buy
cell phones and computers and use previously off-limits tourist hotels.

But his only major reform has been in , where he has
decentralized decision-making and put more land in private hands.

"It is clear by now that heightened expectations were largely unmet,"
Spadoni said. "Right now we are not talking of moving toward the Chinese
(economic) model or making major changes toward liberalization," he said.


Cuba's fragile economy has been battered by the global economic crisis
and three hurricanes last year, the effects of which have left the
government with little operating cash.

It has resorted to belt-tightening measures such as scheduled power
blackouts to conserve energy, reductions in public , selected
factory shutdowns, cuts in spending and the freezing of foreign business
bank accounts.

The latter proved so counterproductive that the policy was partially

After 50 years of austerity, the latest economic hardships have left
many Cubans frustrated with Raul Castro.

"So far he has not made one change that raises us up, just the reverse.
He has made changes but I still don't see any benefit," said maintenance
worker Daria Marquez. "I would like for him to be more liberal."

While many Cubans still express faith in their leaders, others say their
hopes for better lives lie with Obama and his stated desire to normalize
U.S.-Cuba relations.

Obama has eased the longstanding U.S. trade embargo against Cuba by
removing limits on family travel and remittances to the island imposed
by President George W. Bush, and has restarted talks on items of common
interest like immigration.

But Cuba's leaders have made clear in public statements they are
disappointed that Obama is not willing to dismantle more of the embargo
without political concessions by Havana, which both Castros have said
are not in the cards.

"There seems to be a genuine anger that the Obama administration has not
attempted something more in reversing Cuba policy. I seemed to note an
almost escalating irritation," said Washington attorney Robert Muse, who
specializes in Cuba issues.

Despite "promises of change by the new U.S. government, the reality
today is that the illegal blockade imposed almost five decades ago
against Cuba is still being implemented," Raul Castro said last week on
a visit to Egypt.

Marquez said she would like Castro to tell Cubans in no uncertain terms
that he wants peace with the United States and is ready to talk with
Obama with "an open mind and without conditions or obstacles."

"But that's dreaming, no?" she added.

(Editing by Pascal Fletcher)

Castro speech likely to reflect tough times in Cuba | Reuters (25 July 2009)

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